Projekt MEFANET (MEdical FAculties Educational NETwork)
Univerzita Karlova v Praze

Educational Portal of Medical Faculty in Pilsen

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Physiology of physical activity

Physiology of physical activity

Lecture from Sports medicine for medical students 4th year. The basic concepts were presented. Maximal oxygen uptake, stress (lactate) threshold and lactate curve were elucidated. ST fibers, FTa and FTb fibers were presented.

                              

 
author: Václav Zeman | discipline: Sports Medicine | viewed: 245x | published on: 30.3.2015 | last modified on: 30.3.2015 | Creative Commons License

Exercise testing

Exercise testing

The lecture for students of generally medicine 4th year – The field: sports medicine. Principles of performance (exercise, stress) testing are introduced. Oxygen consumption (incl. VO2 max) and lactate curve are elucidated. Indication and contraindication of exercise tests are introduced. Both ECG and symptomatic indicators of coronary heart disease are discussed.

 
author: Václav Zeman | discipline: Sports Medicine | viewed: 406x | published on: 25.2.2015 | last modified on: 25.2.2015 | Creative Commons License

5. BPH, prostatitis, benign diseases of genitals

Non -malignant enlargement of prostate. Etiology unknown, a lot of theories may be related to an imbalance between estrogenic and androgenic activity. Histopathology. BPH – histhological diagnosis, patient comes because of voiding problems – LUTS (lower urinary tract symptoms).

                                 

 
author: Milan Hora | discipline: Urology | viewed: 690x | published on: 4.4.2013 | last modified on: 2.3.2016 | Creative Commons License

Isolated heart

Isolated heart

The spontaneous production of impulses in the heart is demonstrated with help of the Langendorff apparatus. In isolated, retrogradely perfused heart the spontaneous rhythmical activity is maintained.The spontaneous production of impulses in the heart is demonstrated with help of the Langendorff apparatus. In isolated

 
author: Milan Štengl, Jitka Švíglerová, Tomáš Ťupa, Ivana Hajdúková | discipline: Physiology and Pathophysiology | viewed: 1019x | published on: 7.6.2012 | last modified on: 14.11.2012 | Creative Commons License

3. Urooncology, retroperitoneum

3. Urooncology, retroperitoneum

incidence C60 in CZ 2004 1,1/ 100 000 men/y, rarein circumcisedatbirth(Jewsandotherreligiousgroups), Precancerosis, Carcinomain situ                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        

 
author: Milan Hora | discipline: Urology | viewed: 1119x | published on: 13.1.2012 | last modified on: 2.3.2016 | Creative Commons License

1. General Urology, Congenital Anomalies

1. General Urology, Congenital Anomalies

used to be a branch of General Surgery, but several last decades a separate specialization, extensive diagnostics and conservative treatment, broad range of operative methods, broad range of operative methods                                                      

 
author: Milan Hora | discipline: Urology | viewed: 1208x | published on: 13.1.2012 | last modified on: 2.3.2016 | Creative Commons License

Urology for medical students

UROLOGICAL SYMPTOMS
Frequency - normal adult voids five or six times per day, with a volume approximately 300ml with each void, often voiding = polakisuria (lat.)
Nocturia - frequent passage of urine during the night (nocturnal frequency)
Urgency - an overwhelming desire to pass urine immediately
Urge incontinence - wetting when voiding cannot be instituted quickly enough
Dysuria - pain on voiding, that is usually caused by inflammation

 
author: Milan Hora, a kol. | discipline: Urology | viewed: 1282x | published on: 10.1.2012 | last modified on: 14.11.2012 | Creative Commons License

Histology and Embryology Exam Questions. Recommended for review before the final examination

Histology and Embryology Exam Questions. Recommended for review before the final examination

This textbook is recommended for revision the students' knowledge before taking the final examination in Histology and Embryology. There are 835 exam questions for both General and Dental Medicine students covering cytology, general histology, special histology, and embryology. There is a key to the answers and a list of recommended textbooks attached.

 
author: Milena Králíčková, Zbyněk Tonar, Jitka Kočová, Věra Křížková, Alena Němečková, Miroslava Čedíková, Lukáš Nedorost, Lada Eberlová, Pavel Pitule | discipline: Histology, Embryology | viewed: 6240x | published on: 22.12.2011 | last modified on: 22.1.2014 | Creative Commons License

Determination of Plasma Volume

Determination of Plasma Volume

Teaching video demonstrates determination of plasma volume by means of Evans blue dye and the effect of intravenous injection of hypertonic glucose solution on plasma volume in rat.                                                         

 
author: Jitka Švíglerová, Jitka Kuncová, Tomáš Ťupa, Jaromír Holas, Ivana Hajdúková | discipline: Physiology and Pathophysiology | viewed: 1727x | published on: 7.4.2011 | last modified on: 14.11.2012 | Creative Commons License

Legal Medicine – Forensic Pathology

The major topics in Legal/Forensic Medicine are Thanatology and Forensic Pathology, Clinical Forensic Medicine, Medical Law and related Jurisprudence. Forensic pathology applies the principles of pathology to the study of sudden, unexpected, violent, and suspicious death in order to determine the cause, mechanism and manner of death.

For ethical reasons the presentation on Mefanet does not contain photographs.
 

 
author: Miroslav Dvořák | discipline: Pathology and Forensic Medicine | viewed: 1552x | published on: 21.3.2011 | last modified on: 14.11.2012 | Creative Commons License

Electrical Activity of the Brain

Electrical Activity of the Brain

The teaching material consists of two thematic groups: Evoked cortical potentials and Electroencephalography (EEG). The part dedicated to EEG clarifies origin of EEG signal, registration methods, EEG rhythms and EEG use.

                                                                                                                                                                 

 
author: Jitka Švíglerová, Petr Králíček | discipline: Physiology and Pathophysiology | viewed: 1392x | published on: 25.2.2011 | last modified on: 14.11.2012 | Creative Commons License

Cardiac Cycle

Cardiac Cycle

This teaching material consists of a text part (see below) and an animation. The text part contains the detailed description of the individual phases of the cardiac cycle. The animation shows the mechanical events in the heart during the cardiac cycle including the arterial pulse, electrocardiogram, heart sounds, venous pulse, pressure and volume changes in the right atrium and in the left ventricle.

 
author: Lukáš Nalos, Jitka Švíglerová | discipline: Physiology and Pathophysiology, Cardiology, Angiology | viewed: 8298x | published on: 2.10.2009 | last modified on: 15.10.2012 | Creative Commons License
  

Doping and doping control

Doping and doping control

Doping is a great problem of contemporary sport. The article describes doping substances and methods. Harmful effects of doping are also listed. This article is suitable for 4th year students of general medicine.

                                 

 
author: Václav Zeman | discipline: Sports Medicine | viewed: 293x | published on: 17.2.2015 | last modified on: 17.2.2015 | Creative Commons License

Ovarian carcinoma

Ovarian carcinoma

Decades of research and bilions of dollars in funding have revealed much about the molecular events that lead to center. But overall, today's cancer cure rates are not much better than they were 30 years ago. Decades of research and bilions of dollars in funding have revealed much about the molecular events that lead to center.

 
author: Alain G. Zeimet | discipline: Biology | viewed: 863x | published on: 17.7.2012 | last modified on: 25.9.2013 | Creative Commons License

6. Andrology, genitourinary trauma, urological emergency

6. Andrology, genitourinary trauma, urological emergency

mainly mycotic - diabetics –combination with diabetic phimosis –healthy men –intercourse with woman with mycotic vaginitis –Treatment, local antimycotics (Clotrimazolum), in phimosis -circumcision

                                                                                                                                          

 
author: Milan Hora | discipline: Urology | viewed: 1323x | published on: 13.1.2012 | last modified on: 2.3.2016 | Creative Commons License

4. Dysfunction of lower urinary tract

4. Dysfunction of lower urinary tract

Bladder and urethra –a functional unit for storage and periodic expulsion of urine (micturition), storage and micturition are coordinated by different parts of CNS –functional disorders at every level cause neuropathic bladder, neuropathic bladder is a term apllied to voiding problems due to neurologic dysfunction of urinary bladder

 
author: Milan Hora | discipline: Urology | viewed: 952x | published on: 13.1.2012 | last modified on: 2.3.2016 | Creative Commons License

2. UTI, urolithiasis

2. UTI, urolithiasis

2nd most frequentinfectionatall(1st –RTI), mostlyascending, normalurinarytractissterileupto distalurethra
predisposingfactors, pathogenes–Gram negative bacteria–in 90 %,...

                                                                                                                                                      

 
author: Milan Hora | discipline: Urology | viewed: 1190x | published on: 13.1.2012 | last modified on: 2.3.2016 | Creative Commons License

Urology for students of stomatology

Questions
1. Urinary tract infections, urolithiasis
2. Lower urinary tract dysfunctions (BPH - benign prostatic hyperplasia, neuropathic urinary bladder, urinary incontinence)
3. Urooncology – tumors of kidney, urinary bladder, prostate and testicle
4. Benign diseases of male genitalia, the most important urogenital anomalies, andrology
5. Operative approaches in urology, urological emergency

 
author: Milan Hora | discipline: Urology | viewed: 979x | published on: 10.1.2012 | last modified on: 14.11.2012 | Creative Commons License

Effect of Vagus Nerve Stimulation on Rat Heart

Effect of Vagus Nerve Stimulation on Rat Heart

Teaching video shows the negative chronotropic effect of vagus nerve in rat heart.

                                                                                                                  

 
author: Milan Štengl, Tomáš Ťupa, Jitka Švíglerová, Ivana Hajdúková | discipline: Physiology and Pathophysiology | viewed: 2140x | published on: 7.4.2011 | last modified on: 14.11.2012 | Creative Commons License

Forensic Aspects of Alcohol

Alcohol is one of the oldest and most widely used psychoactive drug in the world and most common single substance encountered in toxicologic analyses. Ethanol (ethyl alcohol) is the main psychoactive ingredient in alcoholic beverages. The clinical features of acute ethanol intoxication are dependent on the blood concentration (BAC). Acute alcohol poisoning is life-threatening condition that requires emergency medical attention.
For ethical reasons the presentation on Mefanet does not contain photographs.
 

 
author: Miroslav Dvořák | discipline: Pathology and Forensic Medicine | viewed: 1582x | published on: 21.3.2011 | last modified on: 7.10.2011 | Creative Commons License

Forensic exam questions

Forensic exam questions

Academic Year Summer 2010/2011

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

 
author: Miroslav Dvořák | discipline: Pathology and Forensic Medicine | viewed: 1300x | published on: 9.12.2010 | last modified on: 14.11.2012 | Creative Commons License

Thyroid gland disorders

Thyroid gland disorders

 Thyroid gland disorders - study material in English in a range of lectures in internal medicine for the general direction

 
author: Michal Krčma, Zdeněk Rušavý | discipline: Endocrinology, Metabolism | viewed: 2412x | published on: 24.3.2010 | last modified on: 22.3.2011 | Creative Commons License